Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Plaquenil drug guide Plaquenil vs methotrexate Apr 20, 2011 In 2002, the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO established ocular examination guidelines for screening patients on Plaquenil therapy. Testing included a comprehensive eye exam that consisted of an assessment of the posterior segment with careful evaluation of associated macular changes or signs of retinal disease. 4 Baseline fundus photography was considered as an optional test. A 57-year-old female presented to the Ophthalmology clinic at UIHC complaining bilateral central photopsias for the past two years. She suffered from Sjogren syndrome and inflammatory arthritis and was currently treated with prednisone and methotrexate. She was previously treated with hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil 200mg bid 6.5mg/kg for 10 years, which was stopped one year prior to. Jan 03, 2020 Do not exceed 600 mg or 6.5 mg/kg 5 mg/kg base per day, whichever is lower, as the incidence of retinopathy has been reported to be higher when this maintenance dose is exceeded. Corticosteroids and salicylates may be used in conjunction with PLAQUENIL, and they can generally be decreased gradually in dosage or eliminated after a maintenance dose of PLAQUENIL has been achieved. While early toxicity may be asymtomatic, patients with more advanced stage of toxicity may complain of color vision changes or paracentral scotomas. Its toxic effects on the retina are seen in the macula. Plaquenil retinopathy guidelines Monitoring for hydroxychloroquine retinopathy Eye, Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and. What is hydroxychloroquine and sob The American Academy of Ophthalmology released an updated set of screening recommendations for hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil and chloroquine to account for the many studies that have shown the effects of these medications on the retina 1. It succinctly makes the case for screening, and Hydroxychloroquine And Chloroquine Screening 2016 AAO.. Plaquenil Dosage Guide -. Protecting your eyesight when taking Plaquenil Lupus.. Although it is not possible to predict which patients will develop retinal toxicity, high-risk characteristics include the following daily dose greater than 400 mg or, in people of short stature, a daily dosage over 6.5 mg/kg ideal body weight or total cumulative dose of more than 1,000 g. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Update on Screening Recommendations for Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy. Judy E. Kim. titled “Analysis of Inner and Outer Retinal Thickness in Patients Using Hydroxychloroquine Prior to Development of Retinopathy. which have just been published. 3 This 2016 revision modifies key points from the previous 2011 guidelines. 4 We urge.