Malaria parasites can enter the body through these mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues such as red blood cells or the liver. This medication is used to kill the malaria parasites living inside red blood cells. Sandoz hydroxychloroquine Chloroquine macrophages Hydroxychloroquine side effects acne Therapy and pharmacological properties of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine in treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and related diseases. Rainsford KD1, Parke AL2, Clifford-Rashotte M3, Kean WF45. Pharmacology. Mechanism of Action Immune modulator. Chloroquine, an alkylated 4-aminoquinoline and analog of hydroxychloroquine, is an FDA-approved drug indicated for the treatment of malaria and extraintestinal amebiasis. The pharmacology of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine is similar. The molecular weights of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are 320 and 336, respectively. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are alkylated 4AQs that are water soluble, weak, amphiphilic bases that readily cross cell membranes. Both drugs may be needed for a complete cure and to prevent the return of infection (relapse). In some cases, you may need to take a different medication (such as primaquine) to kill the malaria parasites living in other body tissues. Pharmacology of chloroquine Pharmacology of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Request PDF, Chloroquine Information for Providers AIDSinfo Chloroquine prevention dosePregnancy hydroxychloroquinePlaquenil brown spots Resistance of Plasmodium parasites to chloroquine is widespread see INDICATIONS AND USAGE – Malaria. Patients in whom chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine have failed to prevent or cure clinical. PLAQUENIL HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, USP DESCRIPTION. Pharmacology of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Springer.. Pharmacology of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Ento Key. Pharmacology Indication Chloroquine is indicated to treat infections of P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and susceptible strains of P. falciparum. 18 It is also used to treat extraintestinal amebiasis. 18 The clinical usefulness of chloroquine, and in some recent cases of quinine as well, has been much reduced by the evolution and spread of chloroquine resistant malaria parasites. The mechanism of resistance involves a reduced accumulation of the drug, although again the mechanism involved is controversial. Clinical pharmacology Chloroquine is rapidly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and only a small proportion of the administered dose is found in the stools.